THE U.S. SUPREME COURT

The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States, and it is charged with protecting the U.S. Constitution. Its decisions apply to the entire nation. It can stop or change the decisions of state governors, state legislatures and lower courts nationwide, and even those of the U.S. President and the U.S. Congress if it determines that their decisions are not in keeping with the U.S. Constitution. That is power!

 

1. How many judges or “justices” serve on the U.S. Supreme Court?

 
 
 
 
 

2. How are justices selected to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court?

 
 
 
 
 

3. How long is a U.S. Supreme Court justice’s term of service?

 
 
 
 
 

4. In which of the following famous decisions did the U.S. Supreme Court establish “judicial review,” or its power to review the constitutionality of government officials’ actions?

 
 
 
 
 

5. In which of the following famous decisions did the U.S. Supreme Court decide that “separate but equal” schools for black and white children violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?